The magnetodynamic solution describes the distribution of magnetic fields and eddy currents due to excitation frequencies.
We use a quasi stationary approximation. The assumptions are applicable in cases of dimensions << wavelength. Examples are motors, transformers and frequencies from 0 Hz to a few 100 kHz.
- Plot: Magnetic Fluxdensity, Magnetic Fieldstrength, Current Density, Eddy Current Losses Density, Vectorpotential, Nodal Force - virtual, Nodal Moment - virtual, Lorentz Force, Displacement, Error Estimation.
- Table: Total Force - virtual, Total Moment - virtual, Total Lorentz Force, RotorBand Torque - stresstensor, RotorBand Force - stresstensor, Vectorpotential on Conductors - Fluxlinkage, Voltage on Coils, Voltage on Circuits, Electrode Voltage, Electrode Current, Current on Circuits, Power on Circuits, Eddy Current Losses, Ohm Resistance, Coil Inductivity, Phase Shift.
- NVH Coupling: Forces in time and frequency domain on teeth.
- 4D Fields: Force - virtual NodeID Table, Forcedensity - virtual XYZ Table, Lorentz Force NodeID Table.
- Coupled Thermal: Temperature
|Transformer Analysis||Circuit Breaker||Lamination Losses||AC Cable|
Theory and Basics
The basis equations:
(1) rot h = j
(2) rot e = -δt b
(3) div b = 0
(4) b = µ h
(5) j = σ e
The following a-formulation is used for 2D-Magnetodynamics.
Magnetic vectorpotential a:
(6) b = rot a
(7) e = -δt a
Magnetodynamic weak a-formulation:
(8) ( µ-1 rot a, rot a’ )Ω
+ (-µ-1 bs, rot a’ ) Ω
+ (- j, a’ ) ΩC
+ (σ δt a, a’ ) Ωc
= 0, for all a’ element of Ω
The following a-v-formulation is used for 3D-Magnetodynamics.
Magnetic vectorpotential a, electric scalar potential v:
(9) b = rot a
(10) e = -δt a – grad v
Magnetodynamic weak a-v-formulation:
(11) (µ-1 rot a, rot a’ )Ω
+ (σ δt a, a’ ) Ωc
+ (σ grad v, a’ ) Ωc
+ (σ δt a, grad v’ ) Ωc
+ (σ grad v, v’ ) Ωc
Basic Example: Team Problem 3: The Bath Plate
The problem 3 of the TEAM (Testing Electromagnetic Analysis Methods) is one of the examples for testing eddy current codes. A conductive plate with two holes is placed under a coil. The coil is driven by alternating current of 50 Hz and 1260 ampere turns. The goal is to analyze for the magnetic fluxdensity along a line that goes slightly over the plate.
Results: Fluxdensity and Induced Current
Fluxdensity as contourplot
Fluxdensity as vectorplot
Induced currentdensity as contourpolot
Induced currentdensity as vectorplot